Acquisition of ownership

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  • Aquisition of ownership
    • Original modes
      • Civil
        • Usucapio
          • Longi temporis praescriptio
          • 5 requirements
            • Possessio
            • Tempus
            • Fides
            • Iusa Causa
            • Res habilis
          • Longissimi temporis praescriptio
          • Bonitary ownership
          • Bona fide possessor
      • Natural
        • Occupatio
          • Res nullis
          • res derilicta
          • animus revertendi
        • Confusio
          • Co-ownership
        • Accessio
          • Immovable -> immovable
            • alluvia
            • isla nata
          • immovable -> movable
            • always accede to land
            • vindicate for materials when house collapses
              • no demolition
            • XII Tables
          • Movable -> movable
            • scriptura
            • textura
            • pictura
            • accession to principle thing
            • exceptio doli
        • Commixtio
          • Actio ad exhibendum
          • No change in ownership
        • Fruits
          • natural fruits
            • perceptio
              • collection
              • tenant's usufruct
            • separatio
              • bona fide possessor and emphytenta
              • severance = transfer
          • civil fruits
            • delivery
        • Specificatio
          • Proculian
            • maker = owner
          • Sabinian
            • materials = owner
          • Justinian
            • If not reducable ... maker = owner
    • Derivative modes
      • Natural
        • Traditio
          • Intention
            • evidenced by iusta causa
            • putative causa allowed if ownership was to be transferred
            • intent to pass ownership
          • Delivery
            • Physical possession
            • Traditio longi manu
            • Traditio brevi manu
            • constitutum possessorium
            • symbolic delivery
      • Civil
        • Cessio in iure
          • Praetor
          • res mancipi & nec mancipi
          • adoption, servitudes
          • unconditional and immediate
        • Mancipatio
          • Change in ownership immediate and unconditional
            • Fraud (dolus), duress (meta)
          • No title to the bona fide possessor
            • actio de modo agri
            • actio auctoritatis

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