Aquinas' Cosmological argument

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  • Aquinas' Cosmological argument
    • About Aquinas
      • Born in Italy (1224/5-1274)
      • Book = Summa Theologica
        • Attempted to answer every question of Christianity
        • 5 ways
          • 1st 3 are variations of cosmological arguments
    • Knowledge of God can be gained in 2 ways
      • 1= Revelation - God chooses to reveal the truth to people
      • 2= Through human reason - Applying reason to evidence and using said evidence to argue God's existence
        • Inductive and A Posteriori arguments
    • Argument based on 2 assumptions
      • 1 = The universe exists.
        • Everyone (almost) agrees with this
      • 2 = There must be a reason why.
        • Not all agree with this
          • Bertrand Russell
          • Richard Dawkins
    • 1st way = Prime mover
      • Everything that is in motion must of been put into motion
        • This sequence cannot be infinate
          • Must be an 'unmoved mover' that started the whole chain
    • 2nd way = Cause and Effect
      • Nothing causes itself
        • Must be a 1st cause = GOD
          • God = Something which causes itself.
    • 3rd way = Necessity and Contingency
      • Everything in the physical world is contingent (depends on something else)
        • Contingent in 2 ways
          • Need something to bring them into existence (e.g. parents)
          • Need things to keep them in existence (e.g. Sun light)
          • Must be a necessary being that brought everything else into existence
            • GOD!
  • Basis of a Cosmological argument = "Why is there something rather than nothing?"


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