Approaches

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  • Created by: Carlie
  • Created on: 17-10-13 19:58
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  • Approaches
    • Biological
      • Evolutionary - GENES
        • Approaches
          • Biological
            • Evolutionary - GENES
              • What we are MADE OF and how we EVOLVED
                • Natural selection & gene pool
              • Deterministic - genetically determined
              • Individual differences
              • Reductionist - emotion and thought?
            • Physiological (bodily activity)
              • CNS (faster) brain chemistry - neurotransmitters & dopamine and serotonin
              • ANS (slower) hormones & automatic responses
            • Applications - therapeutic treatments
            • Reductionist
            • Deterministic - controlled by our genes, no will power and cannoy override signals
            • Individual AND cultural differences with behaviours and treatments
            • Drugs - may only treat symptoms, not underlying cause
          • Behavioural -LEARN!
            • Classical conditioning - association between 2 things
            • Operant conditioning - reinforcement
            • SLT - indirect learning , VICARIOUS learning. Past experiences, was it successful before, and consequences higher than doing it?
            • Lab experiments and use of animals.
            • Deterministic - explains why there are individual differences due to different experiences
            • Lab experiment - scientific
            • Explains cultural and individual differences
          • Cognitive - THINKING, MACHINES
            • Scientific - lab experiments and PET scans
            • Cannot be generalised because it simplifies our behaviour
            • Difficult to falsify - Hard to proove, eg memory and it may be a wrong proocess; preventing us from finding the underlying process.
            • Doesnt take into account social and cultural factors nor emotional factors
          • Psychodynamic - FREUD / ICEBURG
            • structure of mind: conscious (ego + superego) and unconscious mind (ID)
            • Psycosexual stages of develoment: oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital.
            • Normally only on case studies
            • Deterministic
            • Reductionist
            • Difficult to falsify (prove) and measure it as it's subjective
            • Focuses on the unconsciour and childhood experiences
        • What we are MADE OF and how we EVOLVED
          • Natural selection & gene pool
        • Deterministic - genetically determined
        • Individual differences
        • Reductionist - emotion and thought?
      • Physiological (bodily activity)
        • CNS (faster) brain chemistry - neurotransmitters & dopamine and serotonin
        • ANS (slower) hormones & automatic responses
      • Applications - therapeutic treatments
      • Reductionist
      • Deterministic - controlled by our genes, no will power and cannoy override signals
      • Individual AND cultural differences with behaviours and treatments
      • Drugs - may only treat symptoms, not underlying cause
    • Behavioural -LEARN!
      • Classical conditioning - association between 2 things
      • Operant conditioning - reinforcement
      • SLT - indirect learning , VICARIOUS learning. Past experiences, was it successful before, and consequences higher than doing it?
      • Lab experiments and use of animals.
      • Deterministic - explains why there are individual differences due to different experiences
      • Lab experiment - scientific
      • Explains cultural and individual differences
    • Cognitive - THINKING, MACHINES
      • Scientific - lab experiments and PET scans
      • Cannot be generalised because it simplifies our behaviour
      • Difficult to falsify - Hard to proove, eg memory and it may be a wrong proocess; preventing us from finding the underlying process.
      • Doesnt take into account social and cultural factors nor emotional factors
    • Psychodynamic - FREUD / ICEBURG
      • structure of mind: conscious (ego + superego) and unconscious mind (ID)
      • Psycosexual stages of develoment: oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital.
      • Normally only on case studies
      • Deterministic
      • Reductionist
      • Difficult to falsify (prove) and measure it as it's subjective
      • Focuses on the unconsciour and childhood experiences

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