Approaches of Psychology

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  • Approaches in Psychology
    • Behaviourist Approach
      • Classical conditioning
        • Pavlov 1927
        • Timing
        • Stimulus generalising
        • Spontaneous recovery
        • Neutral stimulus consistently paired with stimulus
        • Extinction
      • Operant conditioning
        • Reinforcement
          • Negative
          • Positive
        • Skinner 1938
        • Schedules of reinforcing
        • Punishment
    • Origins of Psychology
      • Wilhelm Wundt 1832-1920
        • Methods were unreliable
      • Introspection
        • Not particularly reliable
      • Empiricism
        • Believe knowledge comes from observation and experience
      • Scientific method
        • Objective, systematic and replicable
    • Biological Approach
      • Genetic basis of behaviour
      • Neurons and nervous system
      • Genes
        • Genotype
        • Phenotype
      • The brain
      • Influence of neuroscience on behaviour
        • Neuro-transmitters
      • Hormones
    • Social Learning Theory
      • Modeliing
      • Vicarious reinforcement
      • Imitation
      • Identification
      • Role of meditational processes
      • Bandura 1961
      • Problem of complexity and causality
    • Cognitive Approach
      • Cognitive neuroscience
      • Study of internal mental processes
      • Theoretical and computer models
      • Schemas
        • Cognitive framework
      • No role of emotion inputted
      • Scientific and has applications
  • Cognitive Approach
    • Cognitive neuroscience
    • Study of internal mental processes
    • Theoretical and computer models
    • Schemas
      • Cognitive framework
    • No role of emotion inputted
    • Scientific and has applications

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