Humanistic Approach

  • Created by: Besme
  • Created on: 07-06-18 13:38
View mindmap
  • Approaches - Humanistic Approach
    • Claims human being are self-determining and have free-will (believe humans are active agents)
    • Roger and Maslow rejected scientific models
      • Maslow's hierarchy of Needs - allows a person to achieve self-actualization when all 4 areas of needs are met to achieve it
        • Humanistic psychologists regard 'personal growth' as an essential part of what it is to be human, as it concerns with developing and changing as a person to become fulfilled, satisfied and goal-orientated
      • Roger  believes that the self Vs ideal self should not be too big - if the gap is too big the person will be in a state of congruence and self-actualization will no be possible due to the negative feelings of self-worth
      • Developed client-centered therapy - to help people cope with the problems of everyday living
      • Claimed many issues we experience such as worthlessness and low self-self-esteem have rooted in childhood and can be explained by a lack of unconditional positive regards
      • unconditional  positive regards come from our parents e.g. who set boundaries or limits on their love for their child (conditions of worth) by claiming 'i will only love you if...
    • As active agents we are all unique and psychology should concern itself with subjective experiment e.g. person-centered approach)
    • Evaluation
      • Another strength of the apporahc is that is takes a positive approach on human behaviors. It used a whole person concept and promotes a positive image of human condition. This contradiction can be seen in Freud psychodrama approach who saw humans as slaves to their past and chained between common unhappiness and absolute disrepair.
      • A strength of the humanistic approach is that its not reductionist, as it contains the idea of subjective experiences and also advocates holism. This is a strength because the approach had more validly as it means investigating full human behavior within real-life context
        • A limitation of the humanistic approach is that it has limited application, as it lacks discipline of psychology as a whole. This is because the approach cannot be used to explain other concepts and can only be used in counselling techinues. This is a limitation becuase it cannot be applied to a range of areas in psychology
      • A second limitation of the approach is  that it contains  un-testable concepts. The humanistic approach uses a number of vague concepts such as self-actualization and congruence, even though can be be used as therapeutic tools. There are no means to assess the effectiveness of them in experimental conditions.
      • A third limitatation is that the appraoch contains cultural bias, as many of the idea of the humanistic psycholgy as such as individual freedom, autonomy and personal growth. These would be more assocuaed with individualist cultues such as  the USA. Whereas, collective cultures such as India, whcih emphasise the needs of the group, community and interdeoenence. Therefore, they may not idenity with the approach.
  • Evaluation
    • Another strength of the apporahc is that is takes a positive approach on human behaviors. It used a whole person concept and promotes a positive image of human condition. This contradiction can be seen in Freud psychodrama approach who saw humans as slaves to their past and chained between common unhappiness and absolute disrepair.
    • A strength of the humanistic approach is that its not reductionist, as it contains the idea of subjective experiences and also advocates holism. This is a strength because the approach had more validly as it means investigating full human behavior within real-life context
      • A limitation of the humanistic approach is that it has limited application, as it lacks discipline of psychology as a whole. This is because the approach cannot be used to explain other concepts and can only be used in counselling techinues. This is a limitation becuase it cannot be applied to a range of areas in psychology
    • A second limitation of the approach is  that it contains  un-testable concepts. The humanistic approach uses a number of vague concepts such as self-actualization and congruence, even though can be be used as therapeutic tools. There are no means to assess the effectiveness of them in experimental conditions.
    • A third limitatation is that the appraoch contains cultural bias, as many of the idea of the humanistic psycholgy as such as individual freedom, autonomy and personal growth. These would be more assocuaed with individualist cultues such as  the USA. Whereas, collective cultures such as India, whcih emphasise the needs of the group, community and interdeoenence. Therefore, they may not idenity with the approach.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Approaches resources »