Sexual ethics applied

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  • Applied- sexual ethics
    • Kant
      • Categorical imperative--homosexuality can not be universalised-- no reproduction
        • Artificial insemination-- could change this problem
      • The pursuit of pleasure is only allowed when persueing valuable goals
      • 'Taken by itself sexual love is a degradation of human nature'
      • Categorical imperative- as a means to an end-- sex is wrong in itself as it uses someone else for the gain of pleasure,however marriage is a contract when tow people give each other reciprocal rights.
    • Utilitarianism
      • Reasons for sex-- the value of pleasure-- the importance of pleasure in the value of a relationship.
      • Sexual pleasure is an important feature of human happiness
      • Maximisation of sexual pleasure does not mean free love -- this could lead to diseases and unwanted pregnancies
      • the emotional aspect of the relationship-- emotional suffering could be caused by unfaithfulness and deceit.
      • Sex is wrong if either party lacks consent
      • Bentham--sex in a relationship provides the greatest happiness for the greatest number.
      • Mill--individual choice-- argues we should still seek higher pleasures, sex is a bodily pleasure therefore a lower pleasure
      • Homosexuality should be tolerated however if it were the norm it could harm society
      • People should be tolerant of others sexual orientation-- masturbation is permissable
    • Virtue
      • What kind of sexual practises could make you more virtuous?
        • ones that involve taking pleasure in giving one's self to another-- developing intimacy and commitment would be virtuous
        • using people for your own pleasure would not be virtuous


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