1a Applied Anatomy and Physiology

View mindmap
  • The structure and functions of the musculo-skeletal system
    • Framework
      • Skeletal system allows movement at a joint
      • The shape and type of the bones determine the amount of movement.
        • Short bones enable finer movement
        • Long bones enable gross movement
      • Flat bones protect vital organs
      • The different joint types allow different types of movement.
      • The skeleton provides a point of attachment for muscles - when muscles contract they pull the bone.
    • Functions of the skeleton
      • Support
        • Support, Shape, Protection, Movement, Mineral storage, Production
          • Super Star Performers Make Mince Pies
      • Protection
        • Support, Shape, Protection, Movement, Mineral storage, Production
          • Super Star Performers Make Mince Pies
      • Movement
        • Red Blood Cell Production
          • Shape / Points Of Attachment
            • Mineral Storage
            • Joints
              • Synovial Joints
                • Most common type of joint in the body
                • Contains
                  • Synovial Capsule
                    • Synovial fluid
                      • Cushioning/ lubrication
                  • Synovial membrane
                    • Produces synovial fluid
                  • Ligament
                    • Reinforces the joint
                  • Articular cartilage
                    • Prevents damage to bone - smooth surface
                  • Bursae
                    • reduces friction
                  • Tendon
                    • Attaches muscle to bone
              • Hinge
                • Elbow joint
                • Flexion / Extension
                • Ankle
                  • Plantar flexion
                  • Dorsiflexion
              • Ball and socket
                • abduction / adduction
                • Shoulder joint
                • Rotation

          Comments

          No comments have yet been made

          Similar Physical Education resources:

          See all Physical Education resources »See all Skeletal system - bones and joints resources »