• Created by: kmnshah
  • Created on: 03-05-21 01:21
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  • Applications & Legal Issues of BIM
    • Concerns of liability through the transfer of data via BIM across the design, construction and operation stages can hinder the successful implementation of BIM
      • A major problem that arises from BIM- based collective design and construction is the amount of legal liability for each company involved even if a contractual agreement has yet been placed. 
        • Therefore, it is important to establish from the start under what rights of the client or other project members can utilise the project information.
    • 3D Scanning
      • 3D scanning (LiDAR) and point cloud integration into BIM provides fast and precise information of existing spatial conditions.
        • Photogrammetry, for example, provides high quality, high definition images of survey areas. Latest technology providing more accurate data capture.
    • Contractual framework for incorporating BIM
      • There is an argument that due to the substantial nature of the changes that the full adoption of BIM will bring, especially at level 3 of the UK BIM maturity index, it is better to draft new form of contracts.
        • Clients should be engaged from the start of the design phase and verify what data within the model ought to be utilised for building performance analysis, maintenance, capital management and operations.
    • Building Smart Cities with BIM
      • BIM is an enabler in making a city 'smart'
      • The addition of geo context to BIM opens up avenues like simulation optioneering, and better project delivery and maintenance.
      • BIM helps in ecological and sustainable development by building structures and buildings that make use of the most intelligent resources available.
    • BIM adoption towards the sustainability of construction industry in Indonesia
      • BIM remains a barrier to initiate the migration from traditional management to BIM.
        • The dominant barrier to adopt BIM in Indonesia is perceived to be the lack of knowledge, followed by the lack of demand in the current construction industry market.
          • Some other barriers identified are the matter of contract and law, high investment cost, and complex procedure.
    • Current limitations in software indicates that a fully integrated BIM model is a future vision now due to interoperability issues that will continue to provide a barrier for the Government’s BIM Level 3 integrated approach. 
    • In order for the successful implementation of BIM, attitudes within the Engineering and Construction industry must shift: for instance, the initial focus at the design stage should be on the Lifecyle expenditure as opposed to the early on cost in the design and construction period.
    • When construction projects are complete with BIM, the contract documents are in 2D, creating protentional for confusion and conflicts due to the BIM model containing more information than required by the client. 
      • In such a situation it would be best to establish the BIM model with a legal contractual agreement, where all parties agree on the key details involved in the BIM model. 
        • This leads to effective management of costs and efficacy related drawbacks by preventing unwarranted or overloaded information. 


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