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  • Antiseptics
    • 1950's-70's: Black period of surgery due to so many deaths
      • More operations as painless and more complex operations
    • 1846: Ignaz Semmelweiss tried to stop infection by making people wash hands and failed
    • 1861: Pasteur published his germ theroy
    • 1865: Lister used carbolic acid on bandgaes in an operation
      • Invented carbolic spary
    • 1877: Koch developed steam steraliser.
    • move to asceptic surgeeventualy
    • Opposition
      • Some doctors didnt accept idea that microbes caused disease
      • Slowed down the operation
      • Doctors who copied listers ideas often copied them wrong so didnt get good results
      • equipment expensive and heavy


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