Anti-school subcultures- Question A Mindmap

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  • Created by: Zmarston1
  • Created on: 01-06-18 19:06
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  • Anti-school subcultures
    • Interactionists
      • Wright: racist stereotypes led to black boys rejecting education and not respecting the teachers as they didn't respect them.
      • If boys are viewed as failures, they can see this as a reflection of who they are and see education as failing them (SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY)
      • Hargreaves: pupils labelled as naughty formed friendship with others who had the same label. They formed t a counter culture where you gained status from challenging teachers.
    • New Right
      • May see upbringing, socialisation and families creating an anti-school subculture
      • A absence of father figures makes young boys vulnerable to peer pressure.
        • SEWELL- AC boys
        • The peer group may be where boys gain their identity- gangs etc..
        • A.CAMERON also could be used.
      • SUGARMAN- w/c boys attitudes reject education's
    • Marxists
      • Education system favours the higher classes (HABITUS)
        • They can respond by rejecting a middle class system
      • Working class kids see education as failing them and know they are destined to working class, poorly paid jobs.
        • PAUL WILLIS: The 'Lads' rejecting school because they saw it is barrier between them and work.
        • S.BALL; rejected education because they were streamed lower.
    • Explain what it is: the reversal of values and norms that education promotes, often linked with peer respect and identity.
      • LINKS to boys most commonly- working class and Afro-Caribbean who have higher rates of exclusion and appear less engaged in education 
        • Anti-school subcultures
          • Interactionists
            • Wright: racist stereotypes led to black boys rejecting education and not respecting the teachers as they didn't respect them.
            • If boys are viewed as failures, they can see this as a reflection of who they are and see education as failing them (SELF-FULFILLING PROPHECY)
            • Hargreaves: pupils labelled as naughty formed friendship with others who had the same label. They formed t a counter culture where you gained status from challenging teachers.
          • New Right
            • May see upbringing, socialisation and families creating an anti-school subculture
            • A absence of father figures makes young boys vulnerable to peer pressure.
              • SEWELL- AC boys
              • The peer group may be where boys gain their identity- gangs etc..
              • A.CAMERON also could be used.
            • SUGARMAN- w/c boys attitudes reject education's
          • Marxists
            • Education system favours the higher classes (HABITUS)
              • They can respond by rejecting a middle class system
            • Working class kids see education as failing them and know they are destined to working class, poorly paid jobs.
              • PAUL WILLIS: The 'Lads' rejecting school because they saw it is barrier between them and work.
              • S.BALL; rejected education because they were streamed lower.
          • Explain what it is: the reversal of values and norms that education promotes, often linked with peer respect and identity.
            • LINKS to boys most commonly- working class and Afro-Caribbean who have higher rates of exclusion and appear less engaged in education 
            • Theories debate reasons!
      • Theories debate reasons!

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