Anselm's Ontological argument part 2

  • Created by: _bella_
  • Created on: 27-05-19 09:23
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  • Anselm's Ontological argument- part 2
    • Descartes Ontological argument
      • Written 500 years after Anselms initial argument
      • 1) the idea of God is the idea of a supremely perfect being
      • 2) A supremely perfect being has all perfections
      • 3) Existence is a perfection
      • 4) A supremely perfect being has the perfecction of existence
      • 5) It is impossible to think of God as not existing
      • 6) Thus, God exists
    • According to Descartes...
      • Existence is a defining characteristic (a predicate)
      • God without existence is like a triangle without three sides
      • The idea of a perfect being is natural but this appears to be a simplification
    • Objections to Ontological argument
      • Aquinas- consistent w/ that of modern philosophy's rejection of proof on the grounds that it showed the "abuse of human rational faculties"
      • Mulhall- argued Anselm's argument was ambiguous and the intellectual ignorance if the whole argument
      • Aquinas- rejected the assumption of proof tat fallible human intellect alone can prove God's existence
      • Aquinas argued Anselm was making a "transitional error"- moving from a definition of God to mean existence of God
      • According to Aquinas God's existence must be shown a posteriori
    • Kant's response
      • Kant observed existence does not correlate w/ the definition of something
      • We can't ascribe existence a priori (through reason) to our definition of  a perfect being
      • It is the equivalent to saying "an existing God exists"


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