Anorxia Nervosa

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  • ANOREXIA NERVOSA
    • What is it?
      • Mental illness - nothing physically stopping you from eating
      • Eating disorder
      • Can be life threatening
      • People with this condition try to keep their weight as low as possible - usually by restricting the amount of food they eat
      • Body dysmorphia - often have a distorted image of themselves
    • Signs / symptoms
      • Not eating as much
        • Missing meals
          • Repeatedly claiming they have already eaten
      • Obsessive over food
        • Counting calories
        • Cutting out food groups
      • Complain about looks
        • Think they're fat when they're not
      • Baggy clothes
      • Loss of weight
      • Hair, nails and skin in bad condition
      • Downy hair on skin
      • Excessive exercise
      • Repeatedly weighing themselves
      • Refusing to eat inpublic
      • Slow irregular heart beat
        • Increased risk of heart attack
    • Causes
      • No single cause
      • Experts argue it is caused by a combination of psychological, environmental and biological factors
    • Who develops it?
      • Much more common in women
      • 15-25 year olds
      • More common in the West
    • Psychological symptoms
      • Impaired memory
      • Low concentration
      • Denial
    • Consequences
      • Emaciation (wasting away)
      • Osteoporosis - bones decalcify, body taking calcium from bones
      • Gastric bleeding
      • Reflux vomiting
      • Brain astrophy
      • Cardiovascular problems
      • Kidney complaints
      • Diabetes
      • Bowel failure
    • Treatment
      • Psychological treatment
        • Counselling
        • Family therapy
        • Cognitive behavioural therapy
      • Medication
        • Usually only used for other conditions related e.g. depression
      • Complusary treatment in hospital
        • For patients whose lives are at risk and are refusing treatment

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