Anomalistic Psychology (Part 3)

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  • Created by: Natalie
  • Created on: 09-06-14 18:12
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  • Anomalistic Psychology (3)
    • Personality Factors
      • Fantasy Proneness (FP)
        • Tendency to become so deeply absorbed in a fantasy that it feels as if it is actually happening
        • More likely to believe in the paranormal
        • Wilson and Barber (1983)
          • Compared 27 easily hypnotized vs 26 not
          • Found easily hypnotized thought their toys had emotions, were more likely to be fantasy characters in play and were praised by adults for fantasy play
          • As adults - spend more time fantasising during the day, experience fantasies as more real and claim to have psychic abilities and experience apparitions
        • Wiseman (2003)
          • Held a mock seance
          • P's were aware it was fake but still believed the table had moved
          • Those who believed it were more likely to be believers as they were more deeply absorbed
      • Extroverts
        • Outgoing and seek new experiences and more open to paranormal beliefs. Seek extra stimulation to increase brain arousal
        • Peltzer (2002)
          • Found extroversion was associated with paranormal beliefs but neuroticism and psychotism weren't
          • Neuroticism
            • Tendency to experience negative emotional states
            • Paranormal beliefs may create a distance from reality as a defence mechanism to reduce negative emotional states
            • Wiseman and Watt (2004)
              • Questionnaires on neuroticism and paranormal belief
              • Found a strong correlation but only on beliefs relating to bad luck
              • Neuroticism does not explain all paranormal beliefs
            • Williams
              • Correlation of +0.32 between neuroticism and paranormal belief - no correlation with extroversion
          • Shows further research is needed
        • Honorton
          • Meta-analysis of 60 studies
          • Found positive correlation between ESP performance and extroversion
          • Explanation: extroverts are more confident in new situations and are more open to paranormal experiences which increases their belief and the amount of information they give
        • Williams
          • Correlation of +0.32 between neuroticism and paranormal belief - no correlation with extroversion
      • Neuroticism
        • Tendency to experience negative emotional states
        • Paranormal beliefs may create a distance from reality as a defence mechanism to reduce negative emotional states
        • Wiseman and Watt (2004)
          • Questionnaires on neuroticism and paranormal belief
          • Found a strong correlation but only on beliefs relating to bad luck
          • Neuroticism does not explain all paranormal beliefs
      • Personality is complex
        • Different personality factors could be associated with different areas
      • Correlations found between personality factors and paranormal beliefs depend largely on how personality factors are measured

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