Animal Ethics Summary

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  • Animal Ethics
    • Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986 Amendment Regulations
      • vital to understand biological systems in health and disease
      • research is carried out only where no practicable alternative exists
    • Code of Practice for the Housing and Care of Animals Bred, Supplied or Used for Scientific Purposes
      • ensure that the design, construction and function of the installations and equipment of licensed establishments - along with their staffing, care and practices - allow procedures to be carried out as effectively as possible.
      • promote good animal welfare -> consistent, high quality care and accomodation
      • support reliable scientific results by reduction of environmental variables.
      • implement the 3R's - minimum degree of pain, suffering, distress or lasting harm
    • not use protected or threatened species
    • Caging conditions should take into account the social behaviour of the species. Caging in isolation may be stressful to social animals; overcrowding may also cause distress, and possible harm through aggression
    • It is not always necessary to provide all species of animals with ad libitum food intake, and, in some cases, this may even be considered harmful; deprivation, on the other hand, can cause distress to animals
      • when arranging schedules of deprivation the experimenter should consider the animal’s normal eating and drinking habits and its metabolic requirements; a short period of deprivation for one species may be unacceptably long for another
    • studying free-living animals should take precautions to minimise interference with individuals as well as the populations and eco-systems of which they are a part.


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