Bowlby's theory of attachment

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  • Created by: Jenny
  • Created on: 24-05-14 18:36
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  • Bowlby's theory of attachment
    • PSYCHO-DYNAMIC ROOT
      • mother/ main care giver acts as the ego and superego before developed in the child
      • "mother's love in infancy...is as important for mental health as vitamins are for physical health"
    • EVOLUTIONARY BASIS TO ATTACHMENT
      • Lorenz - animals follow mother - imprint
        • infants have a similar attachment instinct to ensure survival
    • THEORY
      • thought development would be affected in bond with care giver was broken in early life - maternal deprivation hypothesis
      • monotrophy - loving relationship with one person
        • innate need to make this bond
      • sensitive period - no main time but if i happens after it will be weaker
    • ATTACHMENT
      • Secure base
      • seperation distress
      • safe haven
      • Proximity maintanance
    • BOWLBY'S FOCUS ON LOSS
      • deprivation and separation from a man attachment figure
      • object relations theory
        • the way infant learn from their own relationships
          • about how they work- develop internal working model
        • build this for relationships from their experience of attachmets
          • use it when interacting with others in life
          • Brown & Harris - girls who lost their mother before 12 yrs more likely to be depressed as adults
      • idea of loss in childhood leading to later emotional issues
    • PRIVATION
      • no attachment ever made
    • DEPRIVATION
      • broken attachment through separation
    • SEPARATION
      • no longer with main caregiver

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