And the Glory of the Lord

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  • Created by: 11Clewj1
  • Created on: 31-03-15 16:27
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  • "And the Glory of the Lord"  (Handel)
    • Context
      • Taken from the oratorio 'messiah'
        • Was first performed in Dublin and was composed in the baroque period.
      • Composed By George Frederic Handel
    • Features of the Baroque Period
      • ornamented melodic parts
      • major/minor key structures
      • Basso Continuo played by the harpsichord and cello to 'fill in harmonies'
      • Homophonic/polyphonic textures
      • Instruments include; violin family, harpsichord, trumpets, horns and timpani
      • Terraced dynamics
    • Structure
      • Made up of 4 main motifs
        • 'and the glory of the lord'
          • first heard in the alto part in bars 11 -14
          • syllabic
          • the first 3 chords outline the a major chord (which is the main key of the piece
          • ends in the last 3 notes of the a major scale which defines the key.
        • 'shall be revealed'
          • introduced by the tenors in bars 17-20
          • the word revealed is mellismatic
            • several notes sung to one syllable
        • 'and all flesh shall see it together'
          • first heard by the alto part in bars 43-46
          • same melody repeated 3 times
        • 'for the mouth of the lord has spoken it'
          • introduced by the tenors and basses in bar 51-57
          • most of the motif is on the same note, example of pedal
          • long notes make it sound serious and important
    • instrumentation
      • written for STAB
      • strings often double the vocals
      • introduction is played by the strings alone
      • handel later added in parts for the bassoon and oboe
    • Rhythm
      • time signature of 3/4 throughout
      • longer note values used to highlight motif 4
      • the ending is a total silence followed by a sustained cadence
    • Tonality
      • Major keys all the way through
      • one sections of the piece is played in the dominant key (E major), then another section modulates to the dominant of the dominant (B major)
      • begins and ends in the key of A major
    • Texture
      • alternates between homophonic and polyphonic texture and only 1 monophonic texture
      • combines different motifs to create polyphonic textures
      • instruments often double the vocal line at different octaves


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