And the Glory of the Lord

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  • Created by: Katrina98
  • Created on: 23-02-14 11:00
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  • And the Glory of the Lord from Messiah in 1741
    • Texture
      • The texture is mostly Homophonic as all parts move in and out
        • Mostly Contrapuntal
      • Some parts are polyphonic for example in bars 91-107 all four vocal parts are singing different tunes at the same time this gives a very thick texture
      • In some parts Handel uses just a single voice to create a thin texture (motif A)
      • Imitation is used once the main ideas have been introduced. One voice starts then others follow eg. And all flesh shall see it together (alto followed by tenor)
    • Dynamics
      • Little variation as it is dependent on the number of parts playing
    • Instumentation
      • SATB choir and soloists
      • Full Baroque Orchestra with strings and basso continuo
      • Handel wrote parts for oboes, bassoon, trumpets, timpani, strings and basso continuo- often a harpsichord
      • Handel includes a range of different voices- changes the texture
    • Tonality
      • Written in A major , though it does modulate to E major twice and B major once. it sounds happy and joyful.
    • Tempo and metre
      • The piece is marked Allegro (quick and lively)
      • it is in 3/4 but in some places it feels like 2/4 (Hemiola)
      • Longer note values are used to highlight "for the mouth of the lord hath spoken it"
    • Harmony
      • Diatonic (based on standard major or minor scales)
      • Cadences are mainly perfect (5-1) with the occasional imperfect cadence (1-5)
      • ends on a notable plagal cadence (4-1 or amen) at the end
    • Melody, form and structure
      • There are FOUR main Musical ideas
        • "And the Glory the Glory of the Lord"- sung by the Altos first in bars 11-14. Mostly syllabic
        • "Shall be revealed"- sung first by the tenors in bars 17-20. The word "revealed" is spread over many notes (melismatic)
        • "And all flesh shall see it together"- sung first by altos in bars 43-46
        • "For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it"- sung first by the tenors and basses together in bars 51-57. They sing in unison for the first 5 bars and then in harmony (thick texture). Most of the motif is on the same note- pedal note.

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