Ancient Sparta vs Ancient Athens

  • Created by: Barry Bee
  • Created on: 13-06-19 17:38
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  • Ancient Greece
    • Ancient Sparta
      • Society
        • Education
          • Spartan boys would be trained into hoplites
            • Selection age 5
              • Ephors decide whether the child is strong
            • Agoge age 7
              • State organised education
                • Promotes obedience, order, discipline, deceit and endurance
            • Communal dining groups aged 20
              • Symbol of unity and citizenship
        • Social Structure
          • |Spartiates| |Periokoi| |Helots|
            • Spartiates were Spartan born and were full time soldiers that could vote
            • Periokoi were foreign or untrained and were merchants /artisans. They could not vote or own land
            • Helots were born as slaves and supported Spartiate families and worked the land
        • Women
          • Education
            • Public education for girls
              • Discouraged from household work, focus on athletics
          • Expected to bear Spartan sons
            • Serve the city for warfare and to provide for the army
      • Politics
        • Government Structure
          • Oligarchy
            • Ephors (magistrates) and the Gerousia (Senate) guided the kings
          • Diarchy
            • Two kings who governed
              • Equally responsible for legal issues
        • Hoplite state
          • Helots were serfs who farmed
            • Messenian slaves that outnumbered hoplites
          • Hoplites focused on war
        • Socio-economic system
          • Iron spits used instead of coins
            • Discourage accumulation of wealth
      • Warfare
        • Meticulously ordered phalanxes
          • Speared hoplites were able to move quickly
          • Feigned retreats and Marching box techniques
            • Limiting losses and casualties
    • Ancient Athens
      • Society
        • Social Structure
          • |Aristocrats| |Small Farmers| |Craftsmen & Trireme Rowers| |Metics (Foreginers) |Slaves| |Women
            • Heirarchical
        • Education
          • Only boys were formally educated from 7
            • Grammata, Music and Physical Education
          • Compulsory military service at 18
        • Women
          • Patriarchal society
            • Women rarely seen in public
          • Trained in childcare and domesticity
          • Heteraes educated to entertain men
      • Politics
        • Role of the Government
          • Assist the poor
            • Help them find work
            • Land grants for dispossessed villagers
            • Help for war widows and orphans
        • Government structure
          • Seperate city states
          • Governed by a democracy
            • The Assembly of the People
              • Posts chosen by lot
                • Limits corruption and patronage
              • Supervised by the Boule (Council)
                • Managed external affairs
                • Administrated the laws
      • Warfare
        • Strong Naval Power
          • Up to 200 Triremes at once
          • Delian League kept the Aegean Sea controlled by Athens
        • Cavalry
          • Expanded by 200% by 500 BC
          • On foot archers to flank the army

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