Ancient Rome Mind Map SWHS

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  • Ancient Rome
    • Roman Life
      • They made links between Health and hygiene
        • Ideas from all over the Empire
        • Improved Public Health
          • Sewage Systems
      • Raised Awareness of fitness and hygiene
        • Government raised taxes
      • Prevention rather than cure
      • Healthy soldiers used to treat wounds
      • Didn't look for new theories or causes
    • Hippocrates
      • The Four humours
        • Four humours inside the body, blood, phlegm, yellow and black bile and if they became unbalanced you became ill
          • Humours linked to beliefs about the world and the four seasons
      • Galen developed the theory further making it into the theory of the opposites and needed to be rebalanced
      • Depending on different seasons you could get different ilnesses
        • They progressed in observations after giving diagnosises
      • Importance of Hippocrates :
        • Showed that it was important to observe and record symptoms
        • Shared his findings with thousands of people
          • The Hippocratic Collection
        • Encouraged doctors to look for natural treatments
        • Galen followed his works
        • He taught about healthy lifestyle and excercise
    • Public Health
      • Avoiding the spread of disease within a particular society
      • They understood that dirty conditons made people ill and so provided lots of facilites
      • Aqueducts
        • Built out of town to transport clean water to roman towns from far away
      • Healthy Lifestyle
        • Didn't build near swampy marsh lands
          • Caused diseases like diarrhoea and malaria
        • Spent lots of money on public health and wanted healthy soldiers and merchants
        • Used preventative medicines instead of finding a cure
      • Public Baths
        • Link between fitness and health
          • They had and exercise area near the baths
            • The expense of entering the baths was very small so more people could afford to go
            • Attracted more people
        • Spread awareness so more people would use the baths per day
      • Sewers and Public latrines
        • Allowed the disposal of waste which was flushed away by streams
        • Used vinegar to disinfect the toilets with a sponge
        • Slaves cleaned the streets at night when everyone was asleep
        • Long marble benches with holes cut out with a stream through the middle
    • Galen
      • Born in Greece in AD129
      • He started studying medicine at 16 and went to Alexandria in Egypt to study.
        • He travelled for 12 years to improve his knowledge and develop his understanding of anatomy
        • He became a surgeon at a gladiator school which his knowledge further
      • In AD162 he became a doctor to the emperor of Rome
        • He paased his findings onto his students and to other doctors
      • He wrote 60 books in his lifetime which combined Greek and his own knowledge
        • This became the basis for medical teaching and learning for the next 150 years
      • His theories dominated European medicine for 1,500 years
        • Originator of the experimental method in medical investigation
          • Throughout his life he dissected animals to understand the functions of the human body
        • Proved that urine was formed in the kidney as apposed to the bladder
          • Arteries carry blood but didn't discover circulation
        • Influence regined for 15 centuries  until the renaisaance where his theories refuted
    • Causes & Cures
      • Many people believed in prayer and the trust in different Gods during this time
        • Healing shrines and herbs and plants
      • Purging and Bloodletting were popular but they also used trephining to relieve hedaches
        • Bad air was thought to be a cause of illness
          • They cleaned towns, added drainage to towns and used urine to wash hands
            • They used weak anaesthetics to relieve pain of patients
    • Training
      • To become a doctor you don't have to be formally trained but most doctors have a small training background
      • You need to have good ideas and theories which attract numerous patients
      • Dissection of humans is completely forbidden in the roman empire
      • Treatment is based on diet, exercise and change in patients diet
      • Influenced by Hippocrates who introduced the importance to observe and record carefully the symptoms
  • Water/Winter: Cold and moist
    • Humour = Phlegm
    • Treatment = Hot peppers
    • Symptoms = Cold, runny nose
  • Fire/Summer: Hot and dry
    • Humour = Yellow Bile
      • Treatment = Cucumber
      • Symptoms = Vomit, fever
  • Earth/ Autumn: Cold and dry
    • Humour = Black Bile
    • Symptoms = Stomach pain
  • Disposal of rubbish and waste, prevented pollution and health problems linked
  • Healthy body = healthy mind
  • They thought air caused illnesses
  • Stored water in reservoirs

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