Anarchists demand the impossible. Discuss

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  • Created by: Sophie
  • Created on: 15-04-16 11:41
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  • Anarchists demand the impossible. Discuss.
    • No
      • Alternatives
        • IA
          • AC
            • State replaced by free market capitalism
              • Can provide all necessary services within society
                • Rothbard and Friedman 'private prisons'
                  • Already increased privatisation of this in the UK
                • Law courts would be driven by profit and is in their benefit to remain neutral therefore ensuring a fair trial
                  • Working within the competitive market system
          • Man is self reliant and rational and can make own choices
        • CA
          • Mutualists
            • Proudhon, system property ownership free from exploitation
              • Negotiate and trade w/o profit on a voluntary and non regulated basis
          • Man can live harmoniously
          • AS
            • Sorel, trade unionism can bring all services needed, all production and distribution
          • AC
            • Living in self-sustained, small communes
              • Face to face interaction, direct democracy, mainstream politics today is depersonalised
        • Have thought of how their demand could be achieved
      • Human nature
        • Good natured
          • Utopianism of man
        • IA Godwin 'humans are perfectible'
          • Man can live autonomously and arrange affairs without regulation
        • CA Kropotkin, 'mutual aid' humans work best when work together for common benefit
        • Without state authority and the repression of man's true characteristics life can be peaceful, prosperous, ordered and harmonious
        • No evidence that people cannot be perfected bc ppl take on characteristics of the society in which they live
          • Has lived for centuries under the state, so is greedy and selfish
            • Hobbes, life is 'nasty, brutish and short'
      • Globalisation
        • Increasing international relations and trade with more and more countries ascribing to capitalism
          • Reduced importance of the state
            • Increased growth of internet which reflects a realm free from govt authority and oppression
        • Increased influence on politics e.g. environmentalism
          • CA would say capitalism and the state destroying the planet
          • Libertarian tendencies influenced by Thoreau emerged on both left and right
    • Yes
      • Human nature
        • Stateless society is possible bc down to human nature humans can live harmoniously
        • Evidence against this, humans are corruptible, so if chance of this, society without order could fall into chaos and lack stability
        • Hobbes view that man's nature is one of conflict
      • Methods
        • Rejection of mainstream politics, as is hierarchical, so lack of influence over people's views
        • Resorting to violence e.g. assassination of President McKinley alienates support and shows anarchists to be no better, no less destructive than the state
        • Pacifism e.g Tolstoy, Ghandi cannot hope to attract widespread support
        • Revolution and syndicalism with overthrow cannot happen bc they believe it would be spontaneous when such action would need organisation
      • Divisions
        • IA
          • Market is inefficient
            • Free-rider effect, some indv benefit w/o paying
        • CA
          • Free market cannot deliver equality and prosperity for all
          • Need collective action to benefit welfare of society and indv in it
        • These divisions undermine the cause as each side has recognised deficiencies of the other
          • Free market requires state to come in with welfarism
    • Intro
      • Defined by their opposition to the state bc it is a destructive, exploitative, coercive, form of compulsory authority & power over the indv
        • Thus their primary demand is that of a stateless society
      • Yes, humans are capable of living in stateless society
      • No, inefficiency of market and lack of coherence

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