Analysing texts

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  • Analysing Texts
    • Context/ purpose/ audience/ mode
      • permanent/ ephemeral?
      • distant/delayed/close/ immediate?
      • transactional/ interactional?
      • representation
      • voluntary or 'captive' audience?
    • Discourse
      • summary paragraphs
      • discourse markers
      • explanation and example
      • cohesive devices e.g. repetition
      • question and answer
      • use of lexical fields
      • contrasts
      • parallelisms
    • Lexis and Register
      • formal, colloquial, slang, taboo? is it consistent?
      • lexical fields
      • monosyllabic, disyllabic, polysyllabic
      • jargon or foreign lexis?
      • abstract nouns, particular function words, comparatives and superlatives
      • neologisms - coinages, blends, compounds, clipping, conversion
      • numbers/ statistics
    • Semantics
      • connotations of particular words
      • synonyms or antonyms (opposites/ contrasts)
      • figurative language - metaphor, simile, personificatoin
      • repetition
      • bias
      • humour e.g. puns
      • tautology (semantic repetition)
      • hyperbole
    • Grammar and Syntax
      • first, second and third person
      • verbs
      • passive voice
      • modal auxiliaries
      • conditional, simple, complex, compound, minor sentences
      • syntax i.e. non-standard
      • sentence functions - imperatives, interrogatives, exclamatory, declarative
      • pronouns
    • Spoken Word Features
      • elision
      • ellipsis
      • false starts
      • adjacency pairs
      • turn-taking
      • paralinguistic features
      • tag questions
      • Grice's maxims
      • fillers and unvoiced/ voiced pauses
    • Phonology
      • alliteration
      • onomatopoeia
      • assonance
      • sibilance
      • phonetic spellings
    • Graphology (if relevant)
      • general layout
      • headings/subheadings
      • pictorial elements
      • listing devices e.g. bullet points

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