anaemia

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  • Anaemia
    • Low haemoglobin
    • Signs and symptoms
      • Weakness
      • Lethargic
      • Dizzy
      • Pale
      • tingling in extremities or cold hands/feet
      • chest pain
    • Causes
      • Blood loss
        • Bleeding following surgery or heavily menstruating women, cancer or trauma
          • leads to iron deficiency anaemia
      • lack of RBC production
        • Acquired
          • Diet
            • Lacking in vitamin B12, folate, iron, vitamin C and copper.
          • Pregnancy
            • Blood diluted in pregnancy, less blood than plasma, low folate and iron.
          • Abnormal hormone levels
            • low erythropoeitin means less blood produced in bone marrow
          • Chronic disorders
            • kidney disease, cancer make it harder for bone marrow to produce RBCs
        • Inherited
          • Aplastic anaemia
      • RBC destruction
        • Acquired
          • Enlarged spleen
          • Haemolytic anaemia
        • Inherited
          • Sickle cell anaemia and thalassemia
          • Haemolytic anaemia
    • Tests
      • FBC
      • Iron Studies
      • Blood film
      • Specialised Tests
    • Treatment

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