An inspector Calls

  • Created by: _ginger_
  • Created on: 04-03-18 10:03
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  • An Inspector Calls -  J.B Priestly
    • characters
      • Sheila
        • ' That wont bring Eva smith back o life will it' a role model for the audience to change, fells guilt and responsibility
        • 'Pleased with  life and rather excited' . Comfortable sheltered life she has had, contrasts between her and Eva. Immaturity and childlike nature
        • Why you fool- he knows-you'll see- he knows' repetition emphasies, foreshadows what will happen shows. She is perceptive
        • 'So.. we'll hang ourselves' - she sees the error, encourages her family to change
      • Birling
        • 'I was an alderman - I was on the bench ... i was lord mayor' - hyphens show distress and worry Intimidated by the Inspector
        • Audience instantly ridicules him
      • Mrs Birling
        • doesn't change end  -  'In the morning they'll be as amused as we are ' - irony of events to come.
        • 'rather cold women and her husbands social superior' - stage directions. immediate dislike from audience, authoritative nature
        • 'I accept no blame'. - lack of social responsiblilty even when Erics son is revealed. Emphsies dislike
        • 'That girl, girl in her position, girl of that sort' - portrays the problem. Girl' belittles Eva distances everyone away from her problems. Sense of vulnerability  which gives worse impression
      • Gerald
        • Bridges the gap between young and old. Young with Birling's views
        • end -'everything's all right now' - mirrors Mr Birling . Contrast of Sheila and Eric, lack of responsibility for tehir actions
          • 'Proof' like they're on trial but  they have already admitted it to the audience.
        • Initially we think that he is respectable, 'the easy well-bred young man about town'. Summaries him and his attitude.
      • Inspector
        • Acts as a moral compass for the Birlings, conveys Priestly's views
        • has the control over everyone, 'cutting through, massively'. Disregard for the social expectations and intimidates Mr Birling who seemingly had power.
        • manipulates them, 'And you think women ought to be protected against unpleasant and disturbing things'?' - uses own works to shame the, sows audience fualts..
        • 'Millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths' - perspective to the audience that they could be in this oosition, - priestly's intentions
        • 'Fire, blood and anguish' -  powerful warning to the audience of reprercussions of capatilist society -  connotations of war (WW1+ww2) and worker strikes.
      • Eva/Daisy
        • used as a device to convey Priestly's attitudes
        • 'Millions ans millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths' -  highlights extent of the issue to the audience. manipulating them to want to change.
        • 'That girl, girl in her position, girl of that sort' - portrays the problem. Girl' belittles Eva distances everyone away from her problems. Sense of vulnerability  which gives worse impression
        • Life controlled by middle/upper classes. Play explores misfortune, ' I went to the manager...'
          • She now has power - controls their conscience and guilt.
      • Eric
        • beginning  - 'not quite at ease - half shy, half assertive.' - most responsible and least responsible
        • 'he was our police inspector alright' - does change and accept responsibility mirroing Sheila
        • represent young
        • 'thats the hellish thing..' --critique of himself and willing to accept responsibility. 'Hellish' strong imagery
        • 'You're not that kind of father'. Feels sympathy for Eric lack of emotional support he ahs done. Doesnt excuse but audience see him
    • Themes
      • Young/old
        • Young are the future, change the country more socialism.  (Eric and Sheila)
        • 'It doesnt change the fact we all helped to kill her' - Repetition of accepting responsibility. hope for a fairer equal society.
        • Mainly focusing on the middle classes with hint to unchanging upper classes. Gerald; 'Everything's alright now'  reflects Arthurs views yet he is young. Subtly critising them.
        • Old  -'In the morning they'll be as amused as we are' -  once again ridicules them as they refuse to accept responsibility, audience can see what they have done. Foreshadowing.
        • The young are aware of what happens, Older generation are ignorant. 'You don't mean Alderman Meggarty', 'Squiffy... no he isn't. ' Their awareness is what allows them to want to change.
      • Class
        • Eva represents the working class, powerless over their own lives - the Birlings had the power - victim of them
        • Class doesn't affect  someones behavoir or morals. Neither should it give  them entitlement.
        • Audience feels sympathy for the working class (Eva): 'Burnt her inside out... died in agony' as opposed to the middle class who caused this.
      • Social Responsibility
        • 'fire and blood and Anguish'- Warning to the audience of what will happen in a capatilist society without change They want to change, e.g, World wars and labour stikes.
        • sheila's growing maturity If onlt i had known' 'We all helped to kill her' slowly grows and changes.  VS Mrs Birlings cold nature ' She only has herself to blame' . Audiences favours Sheila and want  to change.
      • Family life
        • 'I accept no blame, a girl in her position'  - now family to Mrs Birling yet treated as if not. presents flaws in society - ironic as 'Eva' was carrying Eric's child
        • begins with an image of comfort and assurance in life; 'pleased with life', 'war is inevitable... fiddlesticks'. 'Go on mummy'. Typical middle class family
        • Inspector causes roles to change, 'You killed them both, damn you!'  Challenging the opinions /authority of their parents.
        • Birlings family life represents the society. Critisies the misuse of power, gender and age.
        • 'You're not the kind of father a chap can got to when he's in trouble' -  Birlings aren't as they seem, lack of support the children have had.  .
      • Gender
        • Sheila's change  represents the modern woman, ;'It frightens me the way you talk' .She has on opinion on it and is shaming her family.Similar to the inspector asking questions.
        • beginning shows stereotypical views of women; 'Is it the one you wanted me to have?' lack of control and thought she has.  She has no opinion.
        • Power of the men is broken down; 'I was an alderman- I was on the he bench- ' the hyphens show how Birling feels intimidated by the inspector.
        • Sheila turns down Gerald 'No. It's too soon, I need to think'. She now has the power in the relationship and is allowed to think. Eva confronted Birling, 'she had a lot to say - far too much- ', whereas now she has the power over Birling and what he has done.
    • Context
      • Audience - Wealthy middle/upper class capitalists
      • Set in 1912
        • vast disparities bettwen rich and poor, e.g. Birlings vs Eva
        • before Titanic sank
      • Written in 1945
        • After 2 World Wars
        • more interest in fairer society
        • After labour strikes
        • Sufragette movement

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