American Society 1910-1929

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  • American Society 1910-1929
    • Ku Klux Klan
      • Founded during the Civil War in 1866
      • Racist organisation which aimed to terrorise Black Americans, in the Southern states - (who had just been freed from slavery)
      • Membership of the KKK were only open to WASPS
      • WASPS: anti-black, anti-jew, anti-catholic, anti-communist, against all foreigners
      • 1920- 100,000 members, 1925- 5 million
      • KKK members dresses in White Robes & White Hoods - COLOUR; symbolising white supremacy
      • Members carried the American flag, and burnt crosses during their night-time meetings
      • Carried out: Lynchings, floggings, brandings, mutilation, tar, feathering, kidnapping- inspired fear in non WASPS
    • Red Scare
      • Many feared that immigrants would spread communist and anarchist ideas
      • 3600 strikes during 1919 - communist revolution was pending
      • During 1919 a bomb planted by an anarchist group badly damaged the house of the Attorney-General, Mitchell Palmer
      • Apri 1919, 10 people were killed by a bomb planted in a churh in Milwuakee
      • September 1920, an anarchist bomb exploded on Wall Street, killing 39 people
    • Palmer Raids
      • Organised by the Attorney-General, Mitchell Palmer ( Head of the US department of Justice
      • Arrest of over 6000 suspected communists in 36 cities across America
      • Trade unionists, Jews, Catholics and Black people were particularly targeted
      • People were held for several weeks without charge & Hundreds were later deported
    • Enforcement of the prohibition laws
      • The alcohol tradfe was driven underground and developed into organised crime under the control of powerful gangsters
      • Bootleggers( Al Capone ) - Made money smuggling alcohol into the country
      • Moonshiners made their own illeal home brews
      • Speakeasies sold illegal alcohol- By 1925 there were over 100,000 in New York
      • Not many Government Prohibition Agents to enforce the law - Often open to bribery


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