ALZHIEMER'S DISEASE

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  • Alzheimer's disease
    • Causes
      • Plagues and Tangles
        • Plagues are insoluble proteins that build up around nerve cells
        • Tangles are insoluble twisted fibres that build up in nerve cells
      • Still unknown what triggers it
      • Factors that increase risk of getting Alzheimer's disease
        • Age
        • Family history
          • Can be caused by the inheritance of a single gene, some families are offered genetic counselling
        • Down's Syndrome
          • Genetic fault that causes Down's Syndrome can also cause amyloid plaques  to build up in the brain over time
        • Whiplash and head injuries
        • Cardiovascular disease
          • Factors associated with Cardiovascular disease can increase the risk Alzheimer's
            • Smoking
            • Obesity
            • Diabetes
            • High blood pressure
            • High cholestrol
    • Dementia
      • Can be caused by Alzheimer's disease
      • Symptoms
        • Memory loss
        • increasing difficulties with tasks that require planning
        • Becoming confused in familiar environments
        • Difficulty finding the correct words/numbers
          • Difficulty finding the correct money/handling money in shops
        • Personality changes
        • Depression
      • Not inherited
    • Symptoms
      • Memory loss
      • increasing difficulties with tasks that require planning
      • Becoming confused in familiar environments
      • Difficulty finding the correct words/numbers
        • Difficulty finding the correct money/handling money in shops
      • Personality changes
      • Depression
    • IMPACTS
      • ON INDIVIDUAL
        • Physical
          • Impairment of function/ Limited mobility
        • Intellectual
          • May affect learning oppotunities
        • Social
          • Affects a persons interactions and relationships with others
        • Emotional
          • Can affect self worth and confidence
        • Financial
          • May affect a persons ability to work, thus decreasing income
      • ON FAMILY/CARERS
        • Emotional
          • May feel stressed or worried
          • May feel emotionally and physically drained as looking after someone is demanding
        • Financial
          • May have to pay for residential care/a full time carer
          • May not be able to work/work less, which decreases income and increases stress
        • Social
          • May not have time to partake in social activities
        • Intellectual
          • May miss out on oppotunities
    • BARRIERS
      • Educational
        • Poor provision/access
      • Employment
        • Lack of flexibility
        • Discrimination may mean a lack of opportunities
      • Societial
        • resulting from prejudice, ignorance
        • Social exclusion
        • Low expectations of ability
        • Societial expectations
      • Economic
        • Potential loss of earnings
        • Requirement of specialist support which is not provided by the state
        • Lack of access to services/benefits
      • Environmental
        • May have poor access to public transport/buildings
        • Poor access to services
    • RISKS
      • Abuse
        • Impaired mental capacity increases risk of abuse
          • Makes it harder to detect if abuse is happening
        • Can occur in all care settings including by care workers and professionals in formal; care settings and by unpaid carers, family members, neighbours and strangers in informal care settings.
        • Canc take the form of psychological, financial, emotional, sexual or physical abuse.
      • Isolation/social exclusion
    • Legislation
      • Care Act 2014
      • Mental Capacity Act
      • The Equality Act 2010

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