Altruism

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  • Created by: chloe
  • Created on: 26-04-13 14:33
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  • Altruism
    • Social Norms - unwritten rules for how we behave
      • eg shaking hands on meeting
    • Principle of Reciprocity - treat others how they treat you
    • Empathy - Altruism
      • 1) Empathic concern - we understand how a person feels in the situation so we want to help
      • 2) Personal Distress - because you understand how someone feels, your stress level goes up due to empathy. You reduse your stress level by helping
    • Bystander Apathy = some people don't help in situations
    • Bystander Effect
      • 1) Diffusion of responsibilty - the more people there are around when a situation occurs the less likely people are to help. They think someone else will do it
      • 2) Pluralistic Ignorance - you look to see how others reacting to a situation if you're not sure what to do. If they don't react you don't either.
    • Victim Characteristics - You are nore likely to help people depending on certain characteristics. We help:- children, old people, physical attractiveness, same age, gender + culture, disabled, ill
  • Altruism is helping behaviour which does not benefit which does the person doing it
    • Altruism
      • Social Norms - unwritten rules for how we behave
        • eg shaking hands on meeting
      • Principle of Reciprocity - treat others how they treat you
      • Empathy - Altruism
        • 1) Empathic concern - we understand how a person feels in the situation so we want to help
        • 2) Personal Distress - because you understand how someone feels, your stress level goes up due to empathy. You reduse your stress level by helping
      • Bystander Apathy = some people don't help in situations
      • Bystander Effect
        • 1) Diffusion of responsibilty - the more people there are around when a situation occurs the less likely people are to help. They think someone else will do it
        • 2) Pluralistic Ignorance - you look to see how others reacting to a situation if you're not sure what to do. If they don't react you don't either.
      • Victim Characteristics - You are nore likely to help people depending on certain characteristics. We help:- children, old people, physical attractiveness, same age, gender + culture, disabled, ill
  • Cost and Reward analysis - how we decide whether to help or not
    • 1) We weigh up the cost to us
      • eg time, money, safety
    • 2) We look at the rewards we will get
      • eg saving a life, feeling good
    • 3) We decide which is greater - cost or reward
    • 4) You do the one which is greater
      • ie if the cost is greater, you don't help. if the reward is greater, you help
    • Arousal - You need to notice that there is a situation which requires help & you have to feel capable of helping

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