Alternatives - Vygotsky 

  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 02-02-14 12:51
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  • Alternatives - Vygotsky
    • sociocultural explanation - where their  culture plays a key role in the development of cognition
    • acts as an apprentice - developing skills and learning through interactions
    • internalization
      • internal stage of consciousness is formed
      • social experiences determine the learning and meaning of a behavior
    • zone of proximal development
      • the distance between what a child can achieve alone and with guidance from someone else
      • eg. with group work and class discussion
    • Scaffolding
      • eg,. a child learning to add and subtract
      • wood and middelton with the wooden bricks
    • Guided participation
      • a specific type of scaffolding where children engage in cultrual activities and adults act as models and encourage
      • sees the child as an apprentice
      • Rogoff - 1. community level, 2. interpersonal level 3. personal level
        • found members of the community pass on their experience and increases understanding which is effective for cognitive development
    • Vygotsky and language
      • language directs and controls our thinking
      • children speak out loud until 7 where they internalize
      • use language to organise their thinking and problem solving
    • Vygotsky and education
      • In Vygotsky's view, the teacher has the "task of guiding and directing the child's activity."
      • peer tutoring - where the child learns through interaction through another child
        • The person teaching has to be more knowledgeable
      • Mixed ability groupings are essential
        • In the classroom situation the more advanced child can act as tutor and since he/she is of similar age they should have a good understanding of the tutees situation and should also be working in the same ZPD.


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