Alternative Vote System 

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Alternative Vote System
    • Features
      • representatives elected in single member constituencies
      • Winning candidate: achieve an overall majority of votes cast
      • Voters indicate preferences by writing '1' beside first choice etc
      • If no candidate secures an absolute majority of first preferences, lowest -placed eliminated and second preferences of his or her voters are transferred to remaining candidates.
        • process continues until one candidate reaches 50% + 1 vote threshold.
    • Used in Labour and Lib Dem leadership elections
    • Advantages
      • Elected by majorities in their constiurencies
      • winning candidate must achieve broad support
      • Link between representatives and their constituents is retained
    • Disadvantages
      • Not proportional system - can produce less promotional outocomes than FPTP
        • e.g. if used in 1997 general election,- Labour even bigger majority and Lib Dems more seats than Conservatives
      • Candidate who secures most votes may not be elected when second preferences have been distributed -least unpopular candidate may be elected
      • Second preferences of electors who voted for extremist parties are take into account

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all UK electoral systems resources »