Alternative Electoral Systems

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  • Alternative Electoral Systems
    • Single Transferrable Vote
      • 6 seats in each constituency
      • voters number candidates by preference
      • electoral quota calculated
      • (total valid votes divided by total number of seats plus 1) +1
      • highly proportional
      • equal value of votes
      • choose between multiple candidates and evaluate each one
      • complex counting system
      • loss of link between electorate and MPs
      • gives coelitions
    • List System
      • multi-member constituences
      • seats allocated due to proportion of votes
      • OPEN LIST where voters select from a list of candidates
      • CLOSED LIST electors vote for the party
      • high degree of proportionality
      • votes are of equal value
      • closed list limits choices
      • minority views can be stifled due to order of candidates
    • Alternative Vote
      • single member constituency
      • if a candidate doesn't have a majority 1st round, the candidate with the least is eliminated
      • used in Australia
      • broader range of opinions and views can influence outcome
      • MPs elected by majority
      • link between voters and MP retained
      • elected candidate receives little first-preference support
      • less proportional
      • time consuming to sort votes and re-do counting
      • unrepresentative
    • Additional Member System
      • combines FPTP with proportional representation
      • voter has two votes, constituency and then party
      • more proportional than FPTP
      • helps smaller parties
      • fewer wasted votes
      • link between constituents and MP
      • favours larger parties overall
      • parties can control the lists and therefore takes away some legitimacy
      • 2 types of representatives could be cobfusing
    • Supplmentary Vote
      • single candidate is elected by having overall majority
      • voters have two choices, 1st and 2nd preference
      • fewer wasted votes to FPTP
      • simple to work out winner
      • increases legitimacy, absolute winner
      • not proportional
      • could be decided on everyones 2nd preference
      • not all votes are equal in weight due to preferences
    • AV+
      • very similar to AMS
      • constituency MPs elected through AV not FPTP
      • retains link between MP and constituents
      • smaller chances have a greater chance at being represented

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