Evaluation of FDR's New Deal

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  • Successes and failures of the New Deal
      • Brought partial recovery
      • N.D  #1 did not end the Depression; 1935 = 11m unemployed despite Alphabet Agencies
      • The employment provided was temporary
      • Cost of setting up projects and agencies increased the national debt
      • The Banking Act allowed government control and regulation of the banks
      • The Public Utilities Holding Act broke up big business empires, which helped small businesses.
      • Unemployment rose by 4 million in 1937 after FDR cut the relief and recovery budget
        • Nicknamed the 'Roosevelt Recession'
      • WPA provided 8.5 people with employment, and over 3 million men served in the CCC
      • NRA
        • Aimed to eliminate 'cut-throat competition by  developing codes of practice with businesses
        • Employers wanted the blue eagle sign more than they wanted to follow the rules - many violations
        • Legislation tended to favour the employers and businesses
        • Not properly enforced
      • Wagner Act
        • Workers could join trade unions
          • Membership rose by 6m in 6 years
        • Led to an increased role of government-labour relations
        • Increased number of strikes for FDR to deal with in 37-38
      • Fair Labor Standards Act
        • Improved minimum wage and gave maximum working hours
        • Banned child labour
      • AAA
        • Wealthy farmers with large land benefitted, but not small farmers
        • Dust Bowl was still ravishing farms
        • Ruled as unconstitutional in US vs Butler
        • Farm incomes rose up to 1940
        • Peoples with already small farms had their land reduced even more
        • Was seen as a waste of food
        • Sharecroppersand Af-Ams were still in extreme poverty
      • TVA
        • One of the most successful agencies
        • Created 1000s of jobs
        • New lakes were created, which enabled ports for imports and exports
        • Reduced flooding
          • Improved farming lands
    • SOCIAL
      • TVA
        • Thousands of poor families had electricity
        • Provided recreational facilities
        • Model farms were built, so younger generations could be educated
      • SSA
        • Provided pensions and insurance
      • NRA
        • Minimum wage
        • No child labour
        • Workers could take part in collective bargaining


Max Reynolds


What about indication whether it is a good or bad thing?




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