Alexander's emancipation  

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  • Created by: carlssB
  • Created on: 21-02-14 11:16
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  • Alexander's emancipation
    • 1861
      • Peasants were given land by the tzar which had be taken from the nobility.
        • They would have to pay of the tzar and the nobility
          • The majority of the money would go to the tzar, which made the nobility very unhappy.
          • The payments or 'Redemption Dues' were to be paid for 49 years.
      • Reasons
        • loss of Crimean war, the peasants were conscripted for 25yrs, they didn't know how or why they were fighting (no motivation)
        • Russia was the only remaining country to have serfs, to stay a power peasants had to be emancipated
        • Alexander wanted to stay a power, to do this he had to modernise. meaning more industry. most of the population was serfs and not enough factory workers for cities to industrialise.
          • by emancipating serfs, he hoped they would move to the cities.
          • at this point russia was manily manufacturing: cotton; sugar; and coal.
          • in the absence of serfdom, industrial reform would have most likely been much greater and much faster. undoubtedly there were other factors that cause Russia to lag behind, such as: unfavourable climate; uneven distribution of its natural resources; lack of and inadequacy of transport.
        • as alexander stated to the nobility in 1856, "it is better to abolish from above, than to be abolished from below"
          • he did not want a repeat of the pugachev revolt (1773-1775)
          • as part of his speech he asked the nobility to present ideas of emancipation.
  • alexander wanted to use reform as a demonstration of industrial growth, emancipation was the easiest was to do so.
    • in the absence of serfdom, industrial reform would have most likely been much greater and much faster. undoubtedly there were other factors that cause Russia to lag behind, such as: unfavourable climate; uneven distribution of its natural resources; lack of and inadequacy of transport.
  • alexander sensed that there would be a revolt
    • as alexander stated to the nobility in 1856, "it is better to abolish from above, than to be abolished from below"
      • he did not want a repeat of the pugachev revolt (1773-1775)
      • as part of his speech he asked the nobility to present ideas of emancipation.

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