A2 CHEMISTRY ORGANIC REACTIONS

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  • ALDEHYDE'S (R-HO)
    • Reduce with NaBH4
      • Primary Alcohol - MECHANISM: NUCLEOPHILIC ADDITION
        • ALDEHYDE'S (R-HO)
          • Reduce with NaBH4
            • Primary Alcohol - MECHANISM: NUCLEOPHILIC ADDITION
            • Tollens Reagent and HEAT
              • Silver Mirror Forms
            • 2,4 - DNP
              • Yellow/Orange Precipitate
                • Recrystalise, measure melting point and compare to database to identify
            • KETONES
              • 2,4 - DNP
                • Yellow/Orange Precipitate.
                • Recrystalise, measure melting point and compare to database to identify
              • Tollens Reagent
                • No reaction
              • Acidified Potassium Dichromate
                • No reaction
              • Reduce with NaBH4
                • Secondary Alcohol -MECHANISM: NUCLEOPHILIC ADDITION
            • Oxidise with Potassium dichromate
              • Observe colour change: orange...
                • To green
                  • CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
                    • Alcohol and CONCENTRATED Sulfuric acid
                      • ACID ANHYDRIDE
                      • ESTERS
                        • Hydrolysis with DILUTE sulfuric acid
                          • CARBOXYLIC ACIDS
                            • Alcohol and CONCENTRATED Sulfuric acid
                              • ACID ANHYDRIDE
                              • ESTERS
                                • Hydrolysis with DILUTE sulfuric acid
                                  • Alcohol
                                • Hydrolysis with an alkali - SAPONIFICATION
                                  • Alcohol
                                  • Carboxylic acid SALT
                        • Hydrolysis with an alkali - SAPONIFICATION
                          • Carboxylic acid SALT
      • Tollens Reagent and HEAT
        • Silver Mirror Forms
      • 2,4 - DNP
        • Yellow/Orange Precipitate
          • Recrystalise, measure melting point and compare to database to identify
      • KETONES
        • 2,4 - DNP
          • Yellow/Orange Precipitate.
          • Recrystalise, measure melting point and compare to database to identify
        • Tollens Reagent
          • No reaction
        • Acidified Potassium Dichromate
          • No reaction
        • Reduce with NaBH4
          • Secondary Alcohol -MECHANISM: NUCLEOPHILIC ADDITION
      • Oxidise with Potassium dichromate
        • Observe colour change: orange...
          • To green
      • Distill with Potassium Dichromate
      • Colour change from Orange..
        • To green
      • Esterification

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