Organic Reactions and Uses

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  • Alcohol
    • Oxidation >
      • Carboxylic Acid
        • Vinegar
      • Primary Alcohol, Oxidising Agent, K2Cr2O7 / H2SO4 catalyst, Reflux
    • < Elimination
      • Alkene
        • < Combustion
          • CO2 + H2O
          • Plenty of O2
        • ^ Polymerisation
          • Polymers
            • Plastics, fuels, feedstock recycling,
          • 200'c, high pressure
          • TiCl3 or Al(C2H5)2Cl catalyst, 60'c
        • Making plastics, other useful compounds, making butter
      • H3PO4 or H2SO4 conc. Catalysts. Heat
    • Oxidation >
      • Aldehyde
        • Flavours
      • K2CR2O7/H2SO4 catalyst, Distil immediately, Primary Alcohol, Oxidising agent
    • Hydration >
      • Alkene
        • < Combustion
          • CO2 + H2O
          • Plenty of O2
        • ^ Polymerisation
          • Polymers
            • Plastics, fuels, feedstock recycling,
          • 200'c, high pressure
          • TiCl3 or Al(C2H5)2Cl catalyst, 60'c
        • Making plastics, other useful compounds, making butter
      • Steam, H3PO4 catalyst, Heat
    • Oxidation >
      • Ketone
      • Secondary alcohol, Oxidising agent, K2Cr2O7 / H2SO4, Heat
    • Nucleophilic Substitution
      • Halogenoalkane
        • Radical Substitution >
          • Alkane
            • < Cracking
              • Zeolite catalyst, 450'c
            • Hydrogenation v
              • H2, Ni catalyst, 150'c
            • ^ Combustion
              • Plenty of O2
            • < Incomplete Combustion
              • CO + H2O
              • Limited supply of O2
            • < Reforming
              • Cyclic Hydrocarbons
                • Promoting more efficient combustion
            • Fuel
          • UV radiation to form radicals
        • Electrophilic Addition v
          • Halogens, room temperature
        • Hydrolysis
          • Alcohol
            • Oxidation >
              • Carboxylic Acid
                • Vinegar
              • Primary Alcohol, Oxidising Agent, K2Cr2O7 / H2SO4 catalyst, Reflux
            • < Elimination
              • H3PO4 or H2SO4 conc. Catalysts. Heat
            • Oxidation >
              • Aldehyde
                • Flavours
              • K2CR2O7/H2SO4 catalyst, Distil immediately, Primary Alcohol, Oxidising agent
            • Hydration >
              • Steam, H3PO4 catalyst, Heat
            • Oxidation >
              • Ketone
              • Secondary alcohol, Oxidising agent, K2Cr2O7 / H2SO4, Heat
            • Nucleophilic Substitution
              • Halogenoalkane
                • Radical Substitution >
                  • Alkane
                    • < Cracking
                      • Zeolite catalyst, 450'c
                    • Hydrogenation v
                      • H2, Ni catalyst, 150'c
                    • ^ Combustion
                      • Plenty of O2
                    • < Incomplete Combustion
                      • CO + H2O
                      • Limited supply of O2
                    • < Reforming
                      • Cyclic Hydrocarbons
                        • Promoting more efficient combustion
                    • Fuel
                  • UV radiation to form radicals
                • Electrophilic Addition v
                  • Halogens, room temperature
                • Hydrolysis
                  • Heat, reflux
                • Making polymers, fridges, polystyrene foam bubbles, propellants, blowing agents, solvents
              • Reflux
            • ^ Combustion
              • CO2 + H2O
              • Plenty of O2
            • Esterification v
              • Ester
                • Adhesives, solvents, flavours and fragrances
              • H2SO4 conc catalyst, heat
            • Dehydration
              • Concentarted H2SO4 or H3PO4 catalysts
            • Alcoholic drinks, fuel, solvent chemical feedstock
          • Heat, reflux
        • Making polymers, fridges, polystyrene foam bubbles, propellants, blowing agents, solvents
      • Reflux
    • ^ Combustion
      • CO2 + H2O
      • Plenty of O2
    • Esterification v
      • Ester
        • Adhesives, solvents, flavours and fragrances
      • H2SO4 conc catalyst, heat
    • Dehydration
      • Concentarted H2SO4 or H3PO4 catalysts
    • Alcoholic drinks, fuel, solvent chemical feedstock

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