Alcohol Summary

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  • ALCOHOL
    • Definitions
      • Use:any consumption
      • Abuse/ Misuse/ AUD: causing health damage/-ve social consequences
      • Hazardous Use:like to cause harm
      • Binge drinking: double GDA in one sitting
      • Dependence: alcoholism, addiction
    • Guidelines
      • Stats: 20% drink above safe limits, 9% men 4% women shows signs AUD
      • Men: 3-4 Women: 2-3
      • Consequences: health, economic, social, family life
    • Models
      • TTM
        • popular, plausible, good clinical utility, used widely
        • how do we allocate people to stages? Interventions can be useful at any time, not just contemplation
      • SA
        • being sent to prison/rehab causes cog dissonance
      • TPB
        • Hagger et al. (2011) all TPB sig of intention and behaviour but not binging
        • 57-77% variance in drinking explained (Duncan 2010)
        • PBC greater predictive ability than MHLC (Armitage, 2010)
        • students typically involve students - what about AUD
        • Norman et al. (2007) - good predictors in student pop
      • MHLC
        • research uncertain - poor predictive validity
      • HBM
        • won't drink if: feel at risk of AUD,feel can be avoided by not drinking, believes they CAN do it, not worried about having no fun
        • poor predictive power
    • Interventions
      • SA: sig decrease in consumption/  binging in VHS condition (Arden & Armitage, 2011)
      • SA: adolescents forming IIs consumed less, 2 month follow up
      • TTM: 3months on, sig reduction in 'ever users'. 14 months on not sig
      • HBM: succesfully reduced drinking in students (Larimer et al. 2001)
  • Dependence: alcoholism, addiction

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