Aims of Sentencing

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  • Aims of Sentencing
    • Protection of the Public
      • often achieved through incapacitation
        • community sentence of curfew and tagging
          • keeps offenders inside
        • imprisonment
          • for the length of the sentence they cant commit further crime
        • death penalty- most effective form as they can no longer commit crime and it sets an example for other offenders/the society. Although this is noo longer legal in the UK
        • Sex offenders:chemical castration
          • in this country they have to volunteer
        • driving disqualification
          • keeps the offenders off the road
    • Punishment
      • Retribution and revenge for victim and community
        • For victim and community
          • Proportionate- "let the punishment fit the crime" - 'an eye for an eye'
          • Denunciation- society expressing dissaproval of crime
    • Reduction of Crime
      • Individual Deterance-detering the offender from reoffending
      • General Deterance- judge gives harsher sentence to set an example to society at large and deter public
    • Reform and Rehabilitation
      • Aimed at rehabilitating offenders and putting them back into society
        • Commonly implemented through community sentences e.g DTTR-main aim of young offenders
    • Reperation
      • Repairing the damage done e.g apologizing to the victim
      • Compensation order-sum of money back to the victim
      • Person is ordered to do unpaid work-paying back to the community
      • Giving back stolen goods to victim
  • Protection of the Public
    • often achieved through incapacitation
      • community sentence of curfew and tagging
        • keeps offenders inside
      • imprisonment
        • for the length of the sentence they cant commit further crime
      • death penalty- most effective form as they can no longer commit crime and it sets an example for other offenders/the society. Although this is noo longer legal in the UK
      • Sex offenders:chemical castration
        • in this country they have to volunteer
      • driving disqualification
        • keeps the offenders off the road

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