5.4-5.5: Aims of punishment

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  • Aims of punishment
    • Vindication
      • people must be aware that the law is upheld and respected
      • very important in Judaism because the law comes from god
    • Retribution (revenge)
      • society and the victims have a right to take revenge against the criminal
        • "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth"
        • however, Leviticus says "do not bear a grudge"
    • Deterrence
      • helps bring about order
      • others are put off committing a crime when they see what happens to those who offend. also deters the criminal from repeating the same crime again.
    • Protection
      • governments must protect their citizens from dangerous criminals
        • serious offenders are put in jail and taken out of society to make society safer.
    • Reparation
      • the criminal must make right the damage they have caused
      • e.g. Israel obtained reparation in the form of payment to the Israeli government for the way jews were treated in the holocaust
    • Reformation
      • aims to change the criminal and make them a useful, law abiding citizen
      • reinforced by the prophet Ezekiel who said "I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that they turn from their wicked ways"

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