Bandura

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  • Created by: emma
  • Created on: 22-03-14 19:34
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  • Bandura
    • Aim
      • Investigate the effect of children's exposure to an aggressive model
      • Demonstrate that if the children were witness to an aggressive model they would imitate this behaviour at a given opportunity
      • Children exposed to an aggressive model will show more aggressive behaviour
      • Children exposed to a non aggressive model will show less aggressive behaviour
      • Children will imitate same sex models more than opposite sex models
      • Boys will imitate aggressive behaviour more than girls
    • Procedure
      • Room 1
        • Brought to room by experimenter
        • Activities of high interest set out in corner room, small table, chair, potato prints, picture stickers
        • Adult model escorted to opposite corner of room with small chair, tinker toy set, mallet, 5ft bobo doll
        • Non aggressive condition
          • model ignored bobo doll and assembled tinker toy in quiet gentel manner
        • Aggressive condition
          • Model began by assembling tinker toy but then turned to bobo and was aggressive in a stylized and distinctive way.
      • Room 2
        • Mild aggression arousal
        • Room had train, plane, fire engine, doll with cot and clothes
        • The child was told that it could play with any of the toys
          • When the experimenter returned the child was told "these were the experimenters very best toys and had decided to reserve them for the other children"
      • Room 3
        • Child was told it could play with any of the toys  (variety of aggressive and non aggressive)
        • Kept in room for 20 mins
          • Observations through one way mirror every 5 seconds (240)
    • Method
      • Lab experiment
      • Matched pairs design
        • Age, sex, pre exsisting levels of aggression
    • Conclusion
      • Support social learning theory, suggesting social behaviour such as aggression is learnt through observation
    • Results
      • Children in AG made more AR(165) than children in NAC(62)
      • Boys made more AC(158) than girls(69)
      • Boys in AC made more AR if the model was male than if the model was female
      • Girls in AC showed more physical aggression if the model was
        • more verbal if model was female
    • Participants
      • 72 children from stanford university nursery school
        • 36 boys and 36 girls
          • 24 children in aggressive conditions (12 girls,12 boys)
          • 24 children in non aggressive condition (12 girls, 12 boys)
          • 24 children in control condition
        • mean age of 4 years 4 months

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