Group Display of Aggression as an Adaptive Response

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  • Created by: Marg
  • Created on: 18-04-14 13:59
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  • Aggression-Group Display as an Adaptive Response
    • Adaptive as beneficial for group Survival
    • Lynch Mobs-Two Theories to Explain it
      • 1. Power Threat Hypothosis
        • Majority fear minority influence getting too powerful
          • desire to maintain dominance
        • Majority group displays extreme group aggression in order to maintain power
          • Its an Adaptive response
            • Lynch mobs = force of social control
        • -ve Research from South America found lynchings= people  who did not pose a threat to anyone
          • Deindividuation Theory more appropriate
            • 2. Dehumanisation of victim
              • Due to things such as;anonymity, enviro factors, identification with large group
              • +ve Mullen analysed 60 newspapers =bigger the mob, the more violent
                • -ve some lynchings occurred during the day time
              • Lose of self-identity and moral responsibility when identity with group and group ideals
              • Social Psychology theory and therefore an alternative explaination = AO2
      • 2. Dehumanisation of victim
        • Due to things such as;anonymity, enviro factors, identification with large group
        • +ve Mullen analysed 60 newspapers =bigger the mob, the more violent
          • -ve some lynchings occurred during the day time
        • Lose of self-identity and moral responsibility when identity with group and group ideals
        • Social Psychology theory and therefore an alternative explaination = AO2
    • All yellow bits are AO2!
    • Religious Displays
      • ie
        • Shia Muslims self-flagellate during the festival of Ashura with chains, knives or cutting forehead
        • Arapesh Tribe boys have penis rubbed with stinging nettles and older boys its cut with pig incisors and bamboo razors
      • Psycs. believe function= promote co-op and deterring free-riders
        • Adaptive as closer knit groups have higher chances of survival
        • Painful rituals show you're committed and reliable
      • Cost Signalling Theory
        • Group members who endure pain are  showing how powerful they are
        • Signal Commitment
      • +ve Sosis
        • Orthadox Jews - thick beards, hats and coats all year round
          • Sweat loads = shows commitmence
      • +ve Ruffle and Sosis
        • Kibbutz men = more visible religious displays and more competative
          • Womens Religious Displays are usually more solitary in private
      • +ve Sosis
        • the closer knit they were, the more they went to war and were successful
  • Painful rituals show you're committed and reliable

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