Aggression - the intent to harm

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  • Created by: Sorcha
  • Created on: 20-06-13 16:53
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  • Aggression - the intent to harm
    • Instinct Theory
      • proposes that we are all born with an aggressive instinct
        • surfaces at times of provocation or threat
        • Some players only need a small amount of provocation to react
      • ALTHOUGH - human aggression is often not spontaneous
        • aggression is often learned and linked to behaviour
        • No innate characteristics have been identified
    • Frustration - Aggression theory
      • Having a blocked goal increases frustration
        • the build up of frustration is released through aggression by retaliation.
      • this proposes that individuals display aggressive behaviour due to innate characteristics and learning from others
        • Players become aggressive when their goal is blocked leading to frustration
      • By releasing aggression catharsis takes place, which is good.
      • e.g. a footballer going down the wing, gets tackled, therefore shoves the defender.
      • ALTHOUGH - not all frustration leads to agression
        • fails to take into account situational factors
    • Aggressive Cue Hypothesis
      • Will only happen if socially acceptable cues are present
        • could be something that have developed over time
      • certain cues are more likely to leade to an aggressive response
        • Individuals e.g. Coaches, Players or Fans.
        • Sports which are aggressive by nature e.g. rugby, ice hockey
        • places that are linked to an aggressive action
        • objects typically associated with aggressive acts e.g. boxing gloves
    • Social Learning Theory
      • agression is a learned response and is copied from others
        • many young people watch their role models on the TV behaving badly without being punished.
          • This is copied as played belive this is acceptable.
      • OBSERVE
        • IDENTIFY
          • REINFORCE
            • COPY


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