ereragWRE

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  • Created by: Amh
  • Created on: 29-04-13 11:48
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  • Aggression
    • Social psychological explanations
      • Social learning theory
        • How?
          • Observation
          • Mental representation
          • Production
        • Who?
          • Bandura and Walters 1963
        • Bandura 1961
          • Bobo doll
            • Experimenter group that had watched aggressive behaviour toward bobo dolls were more specifically aggressive
              • Boys were more aggressive on top of this
          • This study does not show us why we aqquire the learnt behaviour
            • Bandura 1963
              • 3 conditions, reward, punishment, indifference
                • Presentation of aggressive behaviour depended on what condition they were in.
                • Showing us the importance of VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT
              • Validity?
                • Noble '75
                  • 'Look mummy theres one of the dolls we have to hit
                    • Demand characteristics.
                • Bandura responded to this by using live models and clowns
                  • Kids beat the clown up
        • IDA
          • Issues
            • Socially sensitive research
              • Tells us that we cause othes to learn aggresion
            • Ethical issues
              • Bandura used children
            • Gender bias
              • Indicates that males may be more aggressive but does not say how
            • It does however explain culural dif.
              • !Kunsan
                • Agressive behaviour is rare due to lack of social acceptability of aggression
            • Individual differences
              • Agression levels vary because of context-dependent learning
            • Just kids?
              • Phillipps found daily homicide rates increased following a major boxing event
          • Debates
            • Nature v. Nuture
              • Research does not highlight the importance of genes and biological factors
                • Though it does ackknowledge there existance
            • Deterministic
              • Can we not controll our behaviour or are we automatically going  to act aggresivley because thats what we've seen?
                • Freewill?
            • Reductive
              • Breaks down complex human behaviours into simply learning and reward
      • Deindividuation
        • Gustav Le Bon
          • Crowd theory
            • Anonymity, suggestibility and contagion
              • 'collective mind' causing a loss of self control, becoming capable of acting against social norms
        • Factors that contribute
          • Anonymity (wearing a uniform)
          • Altered conscioussness
        • Process
          • Diminished self awareness
            • Diminished fear of guilt
        • Evidence
          • Zimbardo
            • 1969
              • Shocks adminstered by deinvidualised pps vs control group, the deindivdualised shocked more
            • 1972
          • Rehm german kids, hanball teams, those in uniforms were more aggressive
          • Mullen
            • Analysed cuttings of 60 lynchings, he found
      • Untitled

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