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  • Aggression
    • Aggressive-cue Hypothesis
      • There are certain cues which cause a performer to respond in an aggressive way
      • Frustration= increased arousal levels= aggression
        • Certain cues for aggressive behaviour. Highly aroused + cues= aggression
      • Aggression occurs as an opponent presents a genuine threat to the athlete
        • Some people display premeditated aggression which is not always in response to a cue.
    • Frustration-aggression Hypothesis
      • It explains the link between aggression and frustration.
      • Aggression only occurs when a person experiences frustration.
        • It will occur when an athlete is prevented from reaching a goal they want to achieve
      • Often see people acting aggressively when they arent frustrated.
        • During frustration, other emotions can happen such as cry or give up.
          • Frustration isn't always enough for aggression to occur
    • Aggressive behaviour that is controlled within the laws of the game is seen as assertion.
      • Assertion, instrumental or channelled aggression is preferable in sport, and pure aggression, or reactive aggression, should be discouraged.
    • Instinct Theory
      • Suggests that all humans have the tendency to act aggressively as it is a natural response.
      • Sports provide an opportunity for athletes to act aggressively to release built up tension
      • People are also aggressive outside of sport due to this.
    • Social learning theory
      • We learn aggressive behaviour from our environment
      • Aggression is learnt behaviour
        • If done my significant others, it is more likely to be replicated
      • Doesn't account for a person's biological make up.
        • Research doesn't make it clear if this is a long term effect.
    • Aggression: intent to harm outside the rules of the sport.
      • Assertion: forceful behaviour within the laws of the event


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