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  • Created by: AmberA
  • Created on: 26-04-16 10:13
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  • Aggression
    • Hostile
      • The prime motive of hostile aggression is to harm an opponent
      • This type of aggression needs to be eliminated from sport
      • Aggressive players disrupt the team's performance and spoil team cohesion
      • Aggressive actions violate the rules of any game
    • Assertion
      • Assertive behaviour doesn't attempt to harm and is strictly within the rules and spirit of the game
      • Also known as channelled aggression and is described as non-hostile self-protective mastery behaviour
      • Assertion often involves forceful play, focused on completing the skill correctly
      • Major aim is the successful completion of the task
    • Theories
      • Social Learning Theory
        • Proposed by Bandura, aggression is not genetically inherited but is nurtured through environmental forces
        • Aggression can be learned by watching and copying from role models and aggression is likely to occur if part of social and cultural norms of a group
      • Instinict
        • Proposed by Freud and it suggests that aggression is genetically inherited; a trait of violence lies within everyone
      • Frustration aggression hypothesis
        • Proposed by Dollard. It is an interactionist thoery which involves an environmental circumstance stimulating a personality gener
        • Frustration develops when goal directed behaviour is blocked and frustration triggers the aggressive gene
      • Aggression cue hypothesis
        • Proposed by Berkowitz and is a second interactionist perspective
        • Frustration creates a 'readiness' for aggression which is only triggered when a provocative environmental cue is present
        • Aggressive cues such as perceived unfairness, the opposition shirt will trigger aggression in sport if arousal amongst participants is high
    • Eliminating aggression
      • Cognitive: to do with thought processes
        • Forgetting
        • Mental rehearsal
        • Reasoning
        • Imagery
        • Counting
      • Somatic: involves physiological strategies
        • Progressive relaxation techniques
        • Walking away
        • Breathing exercises
        • Biofeedback


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