Agents of Socialisation

The different ways in which people are socialised into roles and behaviours by various institutions.

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  • Agents of Socialisation
    • Family
      • Primary socialisation.
      • Norms and values of society.
        • Positive reinforcement [reward system]
        • Negative reinforcement [punishment]
      • Politeness and etiquette.
      • Helps set up gender roles.
      • Manipulative parents?
    • Education
      • Secondary socialisation.
      • Norms, values beyond family unit.
        • School rules, assemblies, curricula, expectations...
        • Positive reinforcement [awards, certificates, encouragement...]
        • Negative reinforcement [detentions, exclusions...] - discourage undesired behaviour
    • Religion
      • Own moral codes and ethics for followers to live by.
        • Written rules and commandments encourage people to follow codes.
      • Sanctions.
        • Encourage certain behaviours.
        • More formal sanctions asserted by religious leaders.
      • Close link with family background.
        • Family
          • Primary socialisation.
          • Norms and values of society.
            • Positive reinforcement [reward system]
            • Negative reinforcement [punishment]
          • Politeness and etiquette.
          • Helps set up gender roles.
          • Manipulative parents?
    • Media
      • Adverts
        • May glamourise certain behaviours - imitability.
      • Newspapers and reports.
        • Influence ideas of society and world.
      • Stereotypical imagery and messages.
        • Impression of how 'society' wants us to act.
          • Role models
            • Adverts
              • May glamourise certain behaviours - imitability.

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