Age and Crime

  • Created by: brooke34
  • Created on: 18-05-19 16:34
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  • Age and Crime
    • Patterns
      • say young males are criminals (10-17) = 13% of crime
        • theft, drug, violence and burglary is for young
        • Caspi and Moffit - young people seek independence BUT short supply so deviance acts seen as expression can bring status
      • Owen and Cooper = most youth crime are theft and violence
      • Youths are most commonly the victims too
        • at home more so more risk
        • highest risk of murder is under ones
        • teens > adults = assault, sex, theft, abuse
        • Old at risk of abuse (nursing home)
    • Control Theory
      • people don't commit crime so strong social bond (family and friends) so too much to loose (Hirschi)
      • Kids have strong bonds BUT adolescents loosen so less constrained by social bonds - deviant from norms and value
    • Youth are fully socialised / testing boundaries / youth make more visible / "white collar" are by old people BUT hidden
    • A. Cohen = status frustration is block of opportunity so use deviant methods to gain status
    • Caspi and Moffit = independence and status express freedom solution to the status is to seek respect in eyes of peer group - delinquency
    • Theories...
      • Functionalist = status frustration and failure to internalise norms and values boundaries
      • Marxist = marginalisation, ideology and subculture (Hebdige)
      • Feminism = fear of victimisation, control theory and bias to women
      • R.Realist = lack of moral values, less nuclear family, underclass, biological factors
      • L.Realist = relative deprivation, marginalisation and subculture

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