Case Study - African to EU Migration - Libya to Italy

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  • Conflict / Racism with migrators and locals
    • Due to Libyan's taking low skilled jobs that younger Italians want
  • African to EU Migration - Libya to Italy
    • Positives for Libya
      • Money earned can be sent back to Africa (negative for Italy)
    • Negatives for Libya
      • Population decrease
      • Left with older less skilled people
    • Positives for Italy
      • Good for reputation of the country
      • Impact on local business'
      • Fill low skilled jobs / informal sector (cheap / low paid jobs / black market jobs)
    • Negatives for Italy
      • Increase in population
      • Libyan's don't pay tax
      • Homelessness Impacts Tourism
      • More crime in Italy and migrators from Libya (organised crime)
      • Conflict / Racism with migrators and locals
        • Due to Libyan's taking low skilled jobs that younger Italians want
      • Increase in unemployment - impacts younger workers / low skilled jobs
    • Facts
      • 23 000 Libyans travelled to Italy in 2012
      • Before the civil war there was a pact bewteen Italy/Libya to stop migration
        • Pact collapsed in 2012 - resulted in mass tourism
      • Many Libyans held on island of Lampedusa (detention centre)
        • Detention centre for Libyans moving illegally
          • Economic migrants - can be sent back to Libya
          • Refugee's - allowed in country (Italy)
    • Solutions
      • Increased sea patrols in Italian Navy
      • Greater border controls in Libya
      • EU Countries to share refugee's
        • Greece, Spain, Italy and France - all close to Africa & want to share refugee's with Northern Countries in the EU - they do not agree so will not happen
    • Pull Factors - Italy (Host Country)
      • Closest EU country to Libya
      • Population growth 0.3%
      • Life expectancy 80
      • Better employment - tourism / farming in south
      • MEDC
    • Push Factors - Libya (Source Country)
      • 2012 was a Civil War in Libya - More Refugee movement
      • 5% have HIV between 16 - 35 years
      • Population growth increses by 2.8% (LEDC)
      • Life expectancy in Libya 47
      • Primary school enrolement 65%

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