African American Civil Rights 1865-1900 Federal Involvement

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  • African American US Civil Rights 1865-1900
    • Key Amendments
      • 13th Amendment (1865)
        • Bannig of slavery
      • 14th Amendment (1868)
        • Gave AA's citizenship
      • 15th Amendment (1870)
        • Right to vote
    • Supreme Court Cases
      • Slaughterhouse Case (1873)
        • declared the 14th Amendment protected national civil rights but not state civil rights
      • 1883: The KKK Act and 1875 Civil Rights Act declared unconstitutional
      • Plessy Vs. Ferguson (1896)
        • 'Seperate but equal', approval of segregation
      • Cuningham Case (1899)
        • confirmed segregation was legal in education
    • Civil Rights Act
      • 1866: extended the rights of emancipated slaves
      • 1971, the KKK act
        • Banned violent intimidation
        • Repelaed in 1883
      • 1875: prohibited discrimination in 'public accomodations
        • Repeaked in 1883
    • Presidents
      • Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)
        • Freed the slaves but not necessarily pro-AA
      • Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)
        • Racist
        • Attempted to veto many CRAs
      • Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877)
        • 1869 and 1871 signed bills promoting voting rights  and prosecuting Klan leaders
        • Signed 1875 Civil Rights Act
      • Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881)
        • Vetoed bills repealing Civil rights enforcement 4 times, then signed one
        • Compromised to gain southern democratic support
        • ended reconstruction by removing troops, and the form

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