African Americans - the effects of Congressional Reconstruction

  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 12-04-17 18:02
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  • African Americans - The effects of Congressional Reconstruction
    • Reconstruction did not achieve anything
    • Remarkable number of AAs (by later standards) sat in assemblies and took part in public life (e.g. 49 black and white people apiece in Constitutional assembly of Louisiana)
      • Level of voter registration and political participation not seen again until after 1877 until 1970s
    • Role of federal institutions in promoting CR declined sharply after 1877
      • Congress did not defend changes it had made
      • Presidents did not generally fully support CR
      • Supreme Court and state govs worked in opposite directions.
    • By 1877, Northern voters were tired of issue of CR
      • House of Reps had Democratic majority
      • Violence of white opp to CR in S had produced disorder and was affecting business
    • In Pres election of 1876
      • There were disputed elections in South Carolina, Louisiana and Florida
      • Fate of election between Repub. Rutherford Hayes and Democrat Samuel Tilden
      • Feb. 1877, bargain was struck between Hayes and reps of South Carolina and Louisiana
        • Would cast vote for Hayes, who would 'give to the people of the States of South Carolina and Louisiana he right to control their own affairs'
        • This compromise of 1877 ended period of Congressional Reconstruction
        • Troops were withdrawn and S states would be able to ignore Reconstruction legislation
    • Rights of states in S to deal with AAs as local issue was restored to position that it had been in 1865, at time of Black Codes
    • Progress towards CR was reversed when Congress and Preident accepted view, expressed in one N magazine in 1895 that 'the ***** will be withdrawn from the field of national politics'.

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