Adolescence Development

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  • Adolescence (9-18)
    • Physical
      • Girls: Major changes associated with puberty between 10-13 years of age with boys following two years after.
      • Oestrogen- Female sex hormone.       Testosterone- Male sex hormone.
      • Hormones cause growth of body,hair, genital organs, the skeleton, muscles and secondary sexual organs.
      • In females : breast enlarge after ovulation. Growth spurt in height and weight.     Hips widen so change in body shape.  Voice becomes less shrill.           Fat deposited under-skin and around breast leads to curvaceous shape.  Uterus, vagina and associated glands enlarge.
      • In males: Body hair grows underarm, testes.   Scrotum enlarge + produce sperm.      Growth spurt in height + weight.     Rapid growth in voice box= voice change and become deeper in pitch.      Significant muscle development.
    • Intellectual
      • Concrete Operational 7-12 years - Children and adolescence work out problems logically providing they have images or real life situations to assist them
      • Formal Operational- Can imagine and think about things they have never seen or done before and solve problems same was as adults.
    • Emotional Development
      • Often develops a strong sense of 'self' in terms of belief e.g religon
      • Leaving home- Have acquired concept of themselves that guides them through leaving home, obtaining work ect.
      • When Sex hormones kick in- Experience huge physical, emotional and social change. Renowned for being touchy with rapid mood swings and rebellious. They're friends become main emotional support rather than parents.
      • 1 year later- Start to compare themselves with others and as they get older, friends gradually take place of major influence on self concept.
      • End of primary school- Can describe self-worth in terms of what makes school good or bad.
    • Social
      • Friendship groups more important than family= socialisation
      • Adolescence (12+) explore relationships and sexual behaviour and take on responsibilities in the home.
      • Try to convince more independence tend to cause adolescence to become rebellious= conflict with parents.
  • Emotional Development
    • Often develops a strong sense of 'self' in terms of belief e.g religon
    • Leaving home- Have acquired concept of themselves that guides them through leaving home, obtaining work ect.
    • When Sex hormones kick in- Experience huge physical, emotional and social change. Renowned for being touchy with rapid mood swings and rebellious. They're friends become main emotional support rather than parents.
    • 1 year later- Start to compare themselves with others and as they get older, friends gradually take place of major influence on self concept.
    • End of primary school- Can describe self-worth in terms of what makes school good or bad.

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