ADHD developmental psychology issues

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  • ADHD
    • Prevelance
      • USA
        • 4.6 mil 6-17YO are diagnosed.
        • 8.4% of pop. (national center for health statistics, 2008)
      • UK
        • 3-9% of children (NHS, 2010)
      • 75% are male (Schnider and Eisenburg,2006)
    • Diagnosis
      • Hyperactivity Impulsivity
      • The behaviour
        • 6 months +
        • Before age 7
        • must occure in more than two settings
        • Clinical sig impairment in functioning
      • Inattention
      • 3 Subtypes of ADHD
        • Predominantly IA
        • Predominantly HI
        • Combined Type
      • Process
        • Medical history taken
        • Questionnaires to family and  teachers
          • Rating scales are used
        • There are no: med tests, Psychologyical tests, observation or neurological tests...
          • Diagnosis is made usually by GP
          • “In my experience only 5-10% of cases results in specialized referral to a psychiatrist” Parens & Johnston (2009)
    • Pharmaceutical Treatment
      • Most commonly administered treatment by school nurses than any other treatment (O'Connor, 2001)
      • USA
        • Biggest presciber of treatments for ADHD
        • 60% of ADHD recieve pharmaceutical treatment (NCHS, 2008)
      • Ritalin
        • most prescribed drug. 8.5 tonnes P/A.  prescribtion without diagnosis
        • Untitled

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