Acyl Chlorides reactions

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  • Acyl Chlorides
    • Water
      • Carboxylic acid + HCl
        • Misty fumes
      • Very vigorous, spitting
      • Nucleophilic Addition-elimination
    • Alcohol
      • Ester + HCl
        • Misty fumes
      • very vigorous, spitting
      • easier to make ester
        • room temp + irreversible
      • Nucleophilic addition-elimination
    • Ammonia
      • Nucleophilic addition-elimination
      • Amide + NH4Cl + (HCl)
        • White smoke (NH4Cl)
        • White solid (amide)
    • Amine
      • N-substituted amide + HCl
    • Order of reactivity : ammonia > ethanol > water

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